Within NOA's integrated Research Training Group (iRTG), all NOA PIs nurture the independent research spirit of doctoral researchers by giving them much freedom to reach their individual scientific goals. The main task of the iRTG is to promote the scientific expertise of the doctoral candidates. The group aims to broaden the training of doctoral candidates at the academic level by providing the opportunity for candidates to participate in the already existing doctoral programs of related training groups in Jena. A visiting scientist program and short- as well as long-term scholarships offers additional qualification improvement possibilities. Furthermore, all young researchers are involved in organizing the annual colloquia and summer schools, and have the right to propose and contact distinguished scientists regarding their role as guest researchers for the CRC. Moreover, NOA's research training group forms a one-of-a-kind educational unit embedded within the two existing umbrella organizations for undergraduate and graduate education, the Abbe School of Photonics (ASP) and the Jena Graduate Academy.